Thursday, December 16, 2010

Christmas Glossary

Here there is a link to find definitions of words related to Christmas. CHECK IT OUT

Christmas Karaoke

List of Carols and Christmas songs with music and lyrics right here
Every group need to choose one song and sing it to the rest of the class. You dare! make sure you understand the lyrics.

Christmas Activity 1

Different activities to learn about Christmas here.

Thursday, November 25, 2010

Nursery Rhymes Song Index

Below you can see if the song you are planning is in the cd provided:

More Nursery Rhymes

You can find some links below with more nursery rhymes samples which may help you to get ideas for your project:
1. mamalisa with funny presentations and lyrics.
4. first school with ideas for crafts.
5. dltk fairy tales with more ideas for crafts.

Nursery Rhymes Samples

Samples of different Nursery Rhymes.

Baa Baa Black Sheep

Humpty Dumpty

Mary had a little lamb

Pussy Cat Pussy Cat

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

Nursery Rhymes

A nursery rhyme is a short rhyming song or story, usually designed for young children, such as those still living in a nursery. Songs for children are a part of many cultures, and often serve as an interesting oral record of important political and historical events, as well as preserving archaic forms of language. In the English language, the bulk of commonly used nursery rhymes date from the 16th-18th centuries, with some originating in Europe while others, such as “Mary Had a Little Lamb,” came from the Americas.

Typically, a nursery rhyme has simple vocabulary and a catchy rhyme. Children can quickly learn to sing along with a nursery rhyme, and nursery rhymes are often used to help young children build up their vocabulary. Since counting is often integrated into a nursery rhyme as well, children can also start to learn to count using nursery rhymes. When a child learns a nursery rhyme, he or she can also learn to follow it on the page, and many children learn the fundamentals of reading this way.

Nursery rhymes are often consolidated into collections, such as Mother Goose, a famous collection of nursery rhymes which actually originated in France. Translations were published in England and the United States. Many English speaking children are familiar with at least one collection of Mother Goose rhymes. Since some of these collections use very old rhymes, the language of a Mother Goose nursery rhyme can sometimes be confusing for modern speakers, but it provides an interesting window into the way that people spoke and lived historically. In some cases, a nursery rhyme may have actually served as a mode of political expression. Nursery rhymes sometimes dealt with controversial subjects, or carried hidden messages. In these instances, the nursery rhyme would have been designed for adults more than children, in eras when people did not feel comfortable or safe speaking freely.

A collection of nursery rhymes typically includes songs, poems, short stories, and illustrations. It has been argued that nursery rhymes set to music aid in a child's development. Research also supports the assertion that music and rhyme increase a child's ability in spatial reasoning, which leads to greater success in school.


The oldest children's songs of which we have records are lullabies, which originally designated a composition for voice intended to lull a child to sleep. The lullaby was sung by the person holding, rocking, or sitting beside the child, and often was in second person, addressing the baby directly. The soothing music of a lullaby has also been used to calm or distract a child who felt upset or unwell. The English term lullaby is thought to come from "lu, lu" or "la la" sound made by mothers or nurses to calm children, and "by by" or "bye bye", either another lulling sound, or a term for good night.

Examples of Nursery Rhymes:

Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.

Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.

All the king’s horses and all the king’s men

Couldn’t put Humpty together again.

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,

How I wonder what you are.

Up above the world so high,

Like a diamond in the sky.

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,

How I wonder what you are.

Thursday, November 4, 2010

Classroom Rules Posters

Here there are some examples of different posters showing the rules of a classroom. Make sure your target student understand the instructions which must be simple and clear. help yourself with mimic and good mood. And remember the activity shouldn't be too long.

Sample 1

Sample 2

Sample 3

You can find more samples here

Classroom Rules

Here you have some samples of classroom rules which can be used before starting the English time

Sample 1 : Song

Sample 2: A Kindergarten scene.

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Halloween Crafts .........

For more Halloween Crafts go here.

Halloween Crafts 4

Balloon Ghouls

Place these darling little balloon ghouls on the table to greet guests--and at night, place a battery operated tea light underneath to give a ghostly glow to the room!

Be sure to visit all of our other ghostly crafts, our fabulous costume ideas and these spook-tackular Halloween recipes!

What you'll need:

  • White T-shirt material
  • Round balloons
  • Wide mouth jars (to use as stands)
  • White craft glue
  • Water
  • Bowl
  • Paintbrush
  • Large wiggle eyes
  • Battery operated tea lights
  • Scissors

How to make it:

  1. Partially blow up balloons, big enough to fit in one hand (about the size of a large orange).
  2. Place balloon, tied end down, on top of a jar (see image).
  3. Mix 1 part water and 2 parts white glue to make a paintable mixture.
  4. Tear or cut t-shirt material into strips long enough to drape over your balloon (see image).
  5. Paint the top of the balloon with the glue mixture. Place a strip of material across the balloon and paint more mixture over the top of the fabric (see image).
  6. Continue this process, crossing fabric over itself to cover all sides. Let it dry completely (see image).
  7. Have an adult use a sharp knife to pop the balloon. Carefully peel it out of the material mold (see image).
  8. Trim the ends of the material so that the ghouls will stand up by themselves.
  9. Glue wiggle eyes on the front.
  10. Wait until it starts to get dark and put the ghosts over a battery operated tea light and watch them glow (see image).


  1. Do not use regular tea lights as this is a fire hazard! Only use battery operated tea lights to illuminate these ghouls.
  2. Instead of wiggle eyes, you can paint the eyes on or cut them out of felt.
  3. If you would like to hang these ghouls, use a sewing needle threaded with white thread and poke through the top.

Halloween Crafts 3

Friendly Ghost Flag


This friendly ghost flag looks great hanging in a tree or near your front door.

Be sure to visit all of our other ghostly crafts, our fabulous costume ideas and these spook-tackular Halloween recipes!

What you'll need:

  • 1 white garbage bag
  • Large branch
  • Scissors
  • Purple and black craft foam
  • 3 large buttons
  • 6-8 flat marbles
  • White craft glue
  • 3-4 feet of yarn
  • Clear sturdy tape, such as shipping or packaging tape

How to make it:

  1. Lay branch on work surface.
  2. Place closed end of plastic garbage bag near the branch. Insert branch into the bag, poking through the side, running branch through the bag and out the other side (see image).
  3. On the side of the bag that is attached to the branch, use scissors to cut two triangles; these will create the space between the head and arms. (Note: Cut only the two sloping sides of the triangles so that all of the pieces remain attached the bag. See image)
  4. Tape the excess bag that you just cut, attach it to the branch.
  5. Cut two ovals from black foam for eyes, and a simple mouth as well. Glue to the head portion of the bag (see image).
  6. Cut out a simple bow tie from purple foam and glue under smile.
  7. Glue 3 buttons down the front of the ghost’s body.
  8. Go to the bottom of your ghost, which is the open end of the bag, and cut a triangle type pattern to create a jagged edge (see image).
  9. Line up the jagged triangles on top of each other. Glue flat marbles in between a front and back jagged triangle. You do not have to glue them to every one, just put enough in to give your ghost some weight.
  10. Tie yarn to one end of the branch. Wrap around several times to secure well. Tie the other end of the yarn to the other end of the branch, thus creating your hanger.


  1. Buy construction paper at the dollar store for plenty of fun projects.
  2. For smaller circles, wrap paper around a small paint brush handle.
  3. White craft glue is perfect for this project, however white school glue will work as well.

Halloween Crafts 2

Witches' Hats

This bewitching witch's hat makes a great table decoration for your Halloween party.

Be sure to visit all of our other ghostly crafts, our fabulous costume ideas and these spook-tackular Halloween recipes!

What you'll need:

  • 2 sheets of black construction paper
  • 1 sheet felt (green, orange, purple, or red)
  • Strip of black felt
  • White craft glue
  • Scissors
  • Tape

How to make it:

  1. Roll 1 sheet of black paper into a cone. Secure with tape (see image).
  2. Trim the bottom of the cone so that it will stand up on the table.
  3. Use a cup or jar as a guide and cut out a circle from black paper large enough for the hat brim.
  4. Glue the cone to the circle and set aside to dry (see image).
  5. Cut ¼” or ½” strips of felt and glue them around the cone.
  6. Cut a strip of black felt to go around the base of the cone.
  7. If you like, cut a bat out of black felt and glue to your hat.


  1. Buy construction paper at the dollar store for plenty of fun projects.
  2. Felt is inexpensive so stock up on 5 or 6 sheets each time you go to the store.
  3. Traditional Halloween colors include black, orange, purple, red and green. However, you can use whatever colors you like for this project!

Halloween Crafts 1

Spider Candy Holder

This cute little spider candy holder hangs on a doorknob just waiting to give you treats. You can also fill it with other items such as pencils, erasers, temporary tattoos, and fun plastic spider rings.

Be sure to visit all of our other ghostly crafts, our fabulous costume ideas and these spook-tackular Halloween recipes!

What you'll need:

  • 9" paper plate
  • 4 black chenille stems
  • Three 36"-long pieces of green yarn
  • Black, white and light green acrylic paint
  • 3" x 5" piece of orange construction paper
  • Black marker
  • White craft glue
  • Scissors

How to make it:

  1. Paint paper plate with black paint and let dry. (See photo.)
  2. Fold paper plate in half and cut along the crease. (See photo.)
  3. Pipe glue along the rounded edges of the two pieces of plate and stick the plates together, unpainted sides should be facing each other. Do not glue the cut sides; this is the opening of your plate pocket. (See photo 1, and 2.)
  4. Cut chenille stems in half. (See photo.)
  5. Set aside two of the chenille stems. Bend the ends of the remaining chenille stems, about 1" at each end. Bend one to the left and the other to the right. For the remaining two chenille stems, bend one end about 1" and the other end about 2". (See photo.)
  6. Place plate pocket in front of you, with the open end at the top. Glue three chenille legs on the left (glue to the underside) and the other three on the right. (See photo.)
  7. Take the remaining two stems and glue the 2" bend under the plate about 1/3 of the way down from the left, and 1/3 of the way down on the right. Allow to dry.
  8. Make eyes from white construction paper, or paint a section of any color construction paper with white paint. Use a black marker or black paint to draw in the pupils, then glue eyes on the body. (See photo 1, 2.)
  9. Paint a wiggly smile on the front of the plate using green paint. (See photo.)
  10. Write "Happy Halloween!" on the orange construction paper with black marker. Glue the paper underneath the spider’s "hands" so that it appears that it is holding the sign. (See photo.)
  11. To make the handle, line all three pieces of yarn up together and tie one end in a knot. Braid the strands together and knot at the other end.
  12. Open the pocket and pipe some glue into the creases then press the ends of the yarn handle inside and let dry.
  13. Fill with candy or other treats and hang.


  1. Instead of making the eyes you can use large wiggle eyes.
  2. If you prefer to skip braiding the yarn, you can cut a handle from craft foam.
  3. Chenille stems are available at your local discount department store or craft store. Watch for sales following each holiday as you can pick up theme colors on clearance (green and red – Christmas, etc).

Halloween Crafts ...

Monster Meter

Have fun finding monsters with this light up monster meter you make yourself!

Be sure to visit all of our other ghostly crafts, our fabulous costume ideas and these spook-tackular Halloween recipes!

What you'll need:

  • Cardboard box (we used a juice box container)
  • Inexpensive flashlight
  • Aluminum foil, enough to cover box
  • Clear shipping tape
  • Lid from plastic milk carton
  • Red cellophane
  • Black marker
  • Scissors
  • Hot glue gun or duct tape
  • Craft knife

How to make it:

  1. Make sure that one end of the cardboard box is sealed shut. On the front of the box, near the closed end, use the craft knife to cut a rectangle window, about 1" from the sides and 2" from the top.
  2. Lay a piece of red cellophane (about twice the size of your window) over the window and tape a couple of corners in place to hold it steady
  3. Use the black marker to write the word "Monster!" over the window (see image).
  4. Use clear tape to secure the cellophane over the window, taping all sides and pulling the cellophane tight.
  5. Turn the box over and loosely tape the bottom end closed. Place the handle end of the flashlight in the center and trace around the handle end (see image).
  6. Use the craft knife to cut out the tracing. Remove or cut the loose tape holding the bottom closed to reopen it (see image).
  7. Place the flashlight into the box, handle end sticking out through the hole you just created. Be sure that the on/off switch is outside of the box. Tape the ends down again, this time securely.
  8. Hot glue or duct tape around the opening where your flashlight is to make the handle secure (see image).
  9. Tape pieces of the heavy duty aluminum foil onto the box, making sure to cover everything except for the area around the red window. Use tape to secure the foil.
  10. Hot glue the milk jug lid to the front of the box to act as a knob for your "Monster Meter."
  11. Turn on flashlight to illuminate the "Monster!" window whenever you find a monster!


  1. This can be used in a fun hide-and-seek-type game played either outside at night or inside with the lights off. When the "hider" is found, light up the monster meter.
  2. You can find inexpensive flashlights at discount department stores. We found ours for $1.00 at an all-purpose superstore in the sporting goods department.
  3. Instead buying an entire roll of red cellophane for $3.50, look for red basket bags in the party section, we found ours for $0.99 and had plenty left over.

Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Respuesta Física Total

Total Physical Response

Total Physical Response (TPR) o Respuesta Física Total es un conjunto de métodos desarrollados por el Dr. James J. Asher, un profesor de psicología de la Universidad Estatal de San José, para colaborar en el aprendizaje del lenguaje. El método radica en la asunción de que cuando se aprende un lenguaje adicional, este lenguaje es internalizado a través de un proceso de descifrado de código, similar al desarrollo del primer lenguaje y este proceso permite un periodo largo de desarrollo de la comprensión antes de la producción de lenguaje. Los estudiantes son llamados a responder físicamente a órdenes verbales.

El TPR está pensado primordialmente para profesores que enseñan inglés como un idioma adicional y por consiguiente como método en la enseñanza de otros idiomas.



De acuerdo con Asher, El TPR está basado en la premisa que el cerebro humano está biológicamente programado para aprender cualquier lenguaje natural. incluyendo el lenguaje de señas de los sordos. El proceso es visible cuando observamos como los bebés internalizan el lenguaje.

Se dirige a la forma en la que lo niños aprenden su lengua madre. La comunicación entre padres e hijos combina las habilidades verbales y motrices. El niño responde físicamente a los comandos verbales del padre. La respuesta del niño es a su vez reforzada positivamente con la voz del padre. Por muchos meses, el niño absorbe el lenguaje sin poder hablar. Es durante este período que la internalización y el descrifrado de mensajes ocurre. Después de esta etapa, el niño es capaz de reproducir el lenguaje espontáneamente. El profesor trata de imitar este proceso en la clase.

Su uso en el aula

En el aula, el profesor y el estudiante toman los roles similares al padre y al niño respectivamente. Los estudiantes deben responder físicamente a las palabras del profesor. La actividad puede ser simple como Simón dice o juegos más complejos que incluyan gramática más compleja y escenarios más detallados. También es útil para contar historias.

Debido a su enfoque, el método TPR puede ser utilizado como alternativa para enseñar a estudiantes con dislexia o algún problema relacionado con el aprendizaje, los que comúnmente experimentan dificultades al aprender otros lenguajes con la instrucción tradicional.

De acuerdo con sus proponente, tiene un número de ventajas. Los estudiantes disfrutarán de pasar el tiempo fuera de sus sillas. Las actividades TPR son simples y no requieren una preparación especial por parte del profesor. TPR no requiere aptitud y trabaja bien con clases de estudiantes con habilidades mixtas. Es bueno para los estudiantes sinestésicos que necesitan estar siempre activos en la clase. El tamaño de la clase no debería ser un problema y funciona efectivamente con niños y adultos.

Sin embargo, es reconocido que el TPR es más útil para principiantes, aunque puede ser utlizado a niveles más altos en los cuales la preparación se convierte en algo más complicado para el instructor. Este método no provee una forma al estudiante para que exprese sus pensamientos en un modo creativo. Además, es sencillo sobreutilizar TPR. "Cualquier novedad, si llevada por mucho tiempo, conllevará adaptación Puede ser un reto para los estudiantes tímidos.

TPR y la enseñanza de una segunda lengua

Esta técnica es especialmente útil al enseñar una segunda lengua extranjera. Las primeras destrezas que se practican son las receptivas y está comúnmente aceptado que el estudiante pasará por un periodo de silencio antes de producir ningún mensaje oral o escrito. Entre estas dos fases hay una intermedia en la que el estudiante puede responder físicamente para mostrar la comprensión de un mensaje. Seguimos un proceso natural en el aprendizaje de la segunda lengua, intentando emular la forma en la que aprendió su lengua materna

Algunos juegos basados en la técnica de "Total Physical Response"

Simón dice (variante): El profesor va indicando acciones (clap, jump, raise your hand, etc) y las va realizando a la vez que los niños. En un segundo paso el profesor indica las acciones, pero no las realiza, solo lo harán los niños. En una última variante, el profesor puede engañar a los niños realizando una acción distinta a la que ha indicado. Los que se equivoquen pueden quedar eliminados. A todos los alumnos les gusta ser el último. Conviene que no sea siempre el mismo para mantener la motivación del grupo.

What's the time Mr Wolf. Tradicionalmente en España se ha llamado a este juego "Un, dos tres, pollito inglés".Este juego se puede utilizar para repasar la hora y se puede adaptar a distintos niveles de la enseñanza. El que hace de lobo y se pone de cara a la pared mientras el resto del grupo está a unos diez metros de él. Todos a la vez gritan "What's the time Mr Wolf” al lobo que permanece de espaldas a la pared y que puede contestar por ejemplo "four o'clock" a la vez que se da la vuelta rápidamente. El grupo ha ido avanzado, y se quedará inmóvil al darse la vuelta el lobo. El que se mueva queda eliminado, o el grupo completo vuelve al punto de partida. Así se continuará hasta que el lobo diga "dinner time" y salga corriendo tras el grupo para atrapar a uno, que será el siguiente lobo.

Thursday, October 14, 2010

TPR activities: samples

Here we have some links to this song:

Sample 2

Sample 3

If You're Happy and You Know It

If you're happy and you know it, clap your hands (clap clap)
If you're happy and you know it, clap your hands (clap clap)
If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it
If you're happy and you know it, clap your hands. (clap clap)

If you're happy and you know it, stomp your feet (stomp stomp)
If you're happy and you know it, stomp your feet (stomp stomp)
If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it
If you're happy and you know it, stomp your feet. (stomp stomp)

If you're happy and you know it, shout "Hurray!" (hoo-ray!)
If you're happy and you know it, shout "Hurray!" (hoo-ray!)
If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it
If you're happy and you know it, shout "Hurray!" (hoo-ray!)

If you're happy and you know it, do all three (clap-clap, stomp-stomp, hoo-ray!)
If you're happy and you know it, do all three (clap-clap, stomp-stomp, hoo-ray!)
If you're happy and you know it, then your face will surely show it
If you're happy and you know it, do all three. (clap-clap, stomp-stomp, hoo-ray!)

Sample 4

Sample 5

Playground Games:
How To Play 'What's The Time Mr Wolf'

TPR activities: Head, shoulders, knees and toes.


Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes,
Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes,
And eyes and ears and mouth and nose,
Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes.

Tuesday, September 28, 2010

Thursday, September 23, 2010

designing a classroom

This is a simple exercise about how to set up a classroom. Follow the steps:
1. Go to Classroom Arquitect webpage and read teh introduction.
2. Click on example elementary classroom and listen to the explanations.
3. Design your own classroom and be ready to describe it.